Hypothyroidism Types | Causes | Symptoms

Sharing is caring!

Hypothyroidism is a condition wherein your thyroid organ does not make enough thyroid hormone. The thyroid organ is available in the front piece of the neck just underneath the Adam’s apple (or the thyroid ligament). It is a butterfly molded organ, which has 2 projections (the correct flap and the left projection). The two flaps are joined by a thin bit of tissue called isthmus.

The 2 main types of cells that make the thyroid gland include:

Thyroid follicular cells:

These cells make thyroid hormone. The hormone assumes a significant job in controlling the manner in which your body utilizes vitality.[Hypothyroidism]

C cells (also called parafollicular cells):

These make a hormone known as calcitonin (the hormone directs the utilization of calcium in the body)

The two distinct types of thyroid hormone in the circulation system are T4 and T3. These thyroid hormones have diverse number of iodine units or particles present in the hormone. Iodine is required for combination of thyroid hormone.

  • T4—it is the thyroid hormone with four iodine units (and is abridged as T4). It is the most rich sort of thyroid hormone in the blood.
  • T3—it has three iodine units (and is curtailed as T3). It is the dynamic type of the hormone in the body.

Hypothyroidism can influence an individual of all ages, yet it is increasingly normal in more seasoned grown-ups and those, who have a family ancestry of hypothyroidism. Ladies more established than 60 years are at the most noteworthy danger of creating hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism causes :


  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (a condition where the body’s safe framework assault thyroid tissue due to which the organ can’t make enough thyroid hormone).
  • Iodine inadequacy (the organ needs iodine to make thyroid hormones).
  • Careful expulsion of thyroid organ.
  • Certain viral contaminations.
  • Radiation treatment to organ for disease.
  • A few medications, for example, lithium.

Hypothyroidism Symptoms :

In the event that the dimension of thyroid hormone is diminished, your body gets influenced. It can cause indications, for example, tiredness, weariness, sadness, dry skin and fragile nails, not having the option to stand the cool (cold prejudice), stoppage, memory issues or experiencing difficulty thinking plainly, substantial or unpredictable menstrual periods and so on.

Indications create and advance gradually. Luckily, hypothyroidism is anything but difficult to treat. Your specialist will do tests to affirm the determination and on the off chance that you have hypothyroidism, the person in question will recommend thyroid hormone pills to treat it.[Hypothyroidism]

Also Read : Hypertension Exercise Tip

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *